Nigeria vs Niger Power & Economy Comparison




Nigeria and Niger are two neighboring countries in West Africa that share a long border and some cultural and historical ties. But how do they compare in terms of power, size, economy, and military? Let’s find out in this video.


First, let’s look at the size of the two countries. Niger is about 1.4 times bigger than Nigeria, with an area of 1.27 million square kilometers, making it the largest country in West Africa and the sixth largest in Africa. However, most of its land is covered by the Sahara desert, which limits its agricultural potential and population density. Nigeria, on the other hand, has an area of 923,768 square kilometers, making it the 14th largest country in Africa and the 32nd largest in the world. Nigeria has a more diverse geography, with savannas, forests, mountains, and coastal plains. It also has more natural resources, such as oil, gas, coal, and minerals.


Next, let’s compare the population and economy of the two countries. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous in the world, with an estimated population of 225.1 million people as of 2023. It also has the largest economy in Africa and the 26th largest in the world, with a GDP of $397 billion as of 2020. Nigeria is one of the world’s biggest oil exporters and producers, accounting for about 10% of its GDP and 70% of its government revenue. It also has a large and growing service sector, especially in telecommunications, banking, and entertainment. Niger, on the other hand, has a much smaller population and economy. It has an estimated population of 24.5 million people as of 2023, making it the 54th most populous country in the world. It also has a GDP of $9 billion as of 2020, making it the 140th largest economy in the world. Niger’s economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture and livestock, which employ about 80% of its workforce. It also has some uranium deposits, which account for about 5% of its GDP and 40% of its exports.


Finally, let’s look at the military strength of the two countries. According to Global Firepower’s ranking for 2023, Nigeria has the fourth strongest military in Africa and the 38th strongest in the world, while Niger has the 23rd strongest military in Africa and the 115th strongest in the world. Nigeria has a total military personnel of 300,000, including 120,000 active and 180,000 reserve troops. It also has a defense budget of $2 billion and an inventory of 1,260 tanks, armored vehicles, self-propelled guns, towed artillery pieces, rocket projectors; 286 aircrafts including fighters, helicopters and drones; and 75 naval vessels including frigates, corvettes, patrol boats and amphibious ships. Niger has a total military personnel of 25,000, including 12,000 active and 13,000 reserve troops. It also has a defense budget of $150 million and an inventory of 140 tanks, armored vehicles; self-propelled guns; towed artillery pieces; rocket projectors; 10 aircrafts including helicopters; and no naval vessels.


In conclusion, Nigeria is much more powerful than Niger in terms of its size, population, economy and military. However, both countries face many challenges such as poverty, corruption, insecurity, terrorism and climate change that affect their development and stability.


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